In addition to splendid landscapes, Chianti's popularity is also directly tied to its fine red wines produced in the region and known generally as Chianti wine. The Chianti region, extending roughly over the two main city provinces of Florence and Siena, is characterized by a combination of almost perfect weather and soil that produces a precious wine considered one of the best wines around the world.
The tradition of cultivating vines in Chianti goes back a long time in history, back to the Etruscans that inhabited the area before the Roman empire. Thanks to written evidence dating back to these times it is now known that the Etruscans not only cultivated vines and conducted experiments on grafting and creating hybrids but also produced wines that were widely appreciated.
Today, Chianti wine, depending on the area of production, is divided and recognized with the following denominations - all called Chianti + the denomination:
- "Classico", the more well-known of the Chianti wines. Production is limited to area between Florence and Siena, as seen in lighter green area on the map to the right.
- "Colli Aretini", hills towards Arezzo
- "Colli Fiorentini", hills around Florence
- "Colli Senesi", hills around Siena
- "Colline Pisane", hills towards Pisa
- "Montalbano", area in the Montalbano hills around Pistoia
- "Montespertoli", hills around Montespertoli
- "Rufina", area of hills near Rufina to the east of Florence
In 1984, Chianti obtained the denomination D.O.C.G. (Denominazione d'Origine Controllata e Garantita, or Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin), which is the highest type of protection and recognition for quality Italian wines.
If you are planning a trip to Tuscany, don't miss the opportunity to organize a wine tasting tour in Chianti or wine tasting in a wine shops in Florence.